Desempeño de los procedimientos laparoscópicos en ginecología: adquisición y mantenimiento de la idoneidad.

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    • Abstract:
      The advancement of new surgical techniques in medical specialties has become minimally invasive gynecologic surgery into a modern surgical technique. There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure, obtaining in most cases mayor benefits than traditional surgery techniques. The purpose of this study was to describe which are the best aspects and techniques for developing and maintaining skills in gynecologic laparoscopic surgery and identify the factors affecting learning curves. A lot of factors are involved: like institutional policies and the characteristics of the surgeon such as attitude and capacity for acquiring new skills. Prior laparoscopic training has been shown to facilitate the process of learning, reduces complication rates and operative time. The type of training the surgeon has received is not significantly related to this learning curve. Maintaining consistency is challenging: however, assessing laparoscopic learning can also examine surgical competence. Consequently the implementation should be monitored by quantitative methods in order to provide both numerical and graphical representation of the learning process. The learning curves combined with the advantages of feedback using the rating scales open the possibility to design high-quality training curricula in advanced laparoscopy. It is clear that academic programs must be updated: this leads to an increasing demand for evidence and proficiency-based education, training and assessment of gynecologic laparoscopic skills. We need a feasible, structured and objective statistical system for assessment of both technical and procedural skills. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      El avance de la tecnología y de las nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas en las especialidades médicas, ha convertido a la cirugía de mínima invasión ginecológica en una alternativa para el beneicio de los pacientes, obteniendo en la mayoría de los casos mejores resultados que la cirugía convencional. El objetivo de este documento es describir cuales son los mejores recursos y técnicas para el desarrollo y mantenimiento de destrezas en cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica, así como evidenciar los factores que favorecen o afectan la curva de aprendizaje y la calidad del desempeño. Así mismo, la metodología que supervisa el aprendizaje también puede examinar la competencia y la calidad del desempeño continuo en los procedimientos quirúrgicos. No existe una diferencia significativa entre las técnicas de entrenamiento en cirugía laparoscópica de mínima invasión, pero si es evidente que el entrenamiento previo mejora la habilidad individual y se obtienen resultados precisos y reproducibles. Es difícil mantener la consistencia, por lo que la ejecución deberá ser supervisada por métodos cuantitativos a in de disminuir las complicaciones. Es evidente que se deben actualizar los programas académicos en la especialidad de ginecología, donde se incorpore un verdadero módulo de cirugía laparoscópica para que los médicos en formación adquieran destrezas con los procedimientos de baja complejidad, y al desarrollarse en los niveles de dificultad quirúrgica, se pueda supervisar la calidad del desempeño con métodos estadísticos adecuados. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología is the property of Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)