Histerectomía videolaparoscópica.

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    • Alternate Title:
      Videolaparoscopic Hysterectomy.
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Hysterectomy is the second most frequent type of major surgery among women. Three types of hysterectomy are currently used: vaginal hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy, and minimally invasive hysterectomy. This last variety began to be performed in Matanzas at the end of the last decade. Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients hysterectomized. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out. The population was made up of all the patients operated on by this surgical technique. The whole population itself was taken as a sample (96 patients). Results: There was predominance of the age group 40-49 years (44 patients), the black race (51 patients), diagnosis of uterine myomatosis (87 cases), surgical time of 61-90 min (57 patients), and hospital stay of up to 24 hours (93 patients). There were three complications and the number of converted cases was 0. Conclusions: Videolaparoscopic hysterectomy is implemented safely and effectively. It was performed predominantly in women over 40 years of age and diagnosed with uterine myomatosis. Average surgical time is greater than that reported in the scientific literature. Hospital stay is 24 hours as an average. The patients returned to their usual activities quickly. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Introducción: La histerectomía constituye la segunda causa más frecuente de cirugía mayor en la mujer. Tres tipos de histerectomías son usadas en la actualidad: la histerectomía vaginal, la histerectomía abdominal y la histerectomía mínimamente invasiva. Esta última variedad se comenzó a realizar en Matanzas a finales de la pasada década. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas epidemiológicas de las pacientes histerectomizadas por cirugía video laparoscópica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y prospectivo. El universo lo conformaron todas las pacientes en las que se implementó esta técnica quirúrgica y tomó como muestra al propio universo, 96 pacientes. Resultados: Predominó la edad comprendida entre 40 y 49 años con 44 pacientes; la raza negra con 51 pacientes; diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina con 87 casos; tiempo quirúrgico de 61-90 min con 57 pacientes y estadía hospitalaria de hasta 24 h en 93 de las pacientes. Se presentaron 3 complicaciones en total y el número de casos convertidos fue 0. Conclusiones: La histerectomía videolaparoscópica es implementada de forma segura y eficaz. Se realizó predominantemente en mujeres mayores de 40 años, con diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio es mayor que el reportado en la literatura. La estadía hospitalaria es de 24 horas como promedio y se reincorporaron a sus actividades habituales rápidamente. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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