Mineral fiber roof cover boards

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  • Publication Date:
    September 07, 2021
  • Additional Information
    • Patent Number:
      11111,174
    • Appl. No:
      15/988974
    • Application Filed:
      May 24, 2018
    • Abstract:
      Composite roofing structures can include mineral fiber roof cover boards with high concentration of mineral wool or mineral wool and perlite. The roofing structure may include: a roof cover board including a dried base mat including: 8-25% mineral wool, 40-65% perlite, 9-15% binder, 9-15% cellulosic fiber, and 0.25-2% sizing agent, all % by weight; an insulation layer; and a roofing membrane. The roof cover board is over the insulation layer, the roofing membrane is over the roof cover board. The roof cover board is attached to the insulation layer. The roofing membrane is attached to the roof cover board. Alternatively dried base mat may include: 30-70% mineral wool, 10-50% perlite, 5-15% binder, 2-20% cellulosic fiber, and 0.25-2% sizing agent. Alternatively the dried base mat may include: 60-90% mineral wool, 0-10% fiber, 0-10% perlite, 4-10% binder, 0-5% gypsum, and 0.25-2% sizing agent.
    • Inventors:
      UNITED STATES GYPSUM COMPANY (Chicago, IL, US)
    • Assignees:
      UNITED STATES GYPSUM COMPANY (Chicago, IL, US)
    • Claim:
      1. A composite roofing structure comprising: a roof cover board that comprises a dried base mat comprising: about 8 wt % to about 25 wt % mineral wool, about 40 wt % to about 65 wt % perlite, 9 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder and/or latex binder, about 9 wt % to about 15 wt % cellulosic fiber, and 0.25 wt % to 2.0 wt % sizing agent, wherein the dried base mat has an absence of bituminous material; a layer of insulation; and a layer of waterproof roofing membrane; wherein the roof cover board is over the layer of insulation, the roofing membrane is over the roof cover board, the roof cover board is attached to the layer of insulation, and the waterproof roofing membrane is attached to the roof cover board.
    • Claim:
      2. The composite roofing structure of claim 1 , wherein the dried base mat has an absence of boron trioxide, glass fibers, gypsum, wax emulsions, siloxanes, silicone fluids, glass beads, polymer fibers, clay, vermiculite, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, and zinc pyrithione, wherein the waterproof roofing membrane has an absence of fiberglass, wherein the waterproof roofing membrane is made of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber, thermoplastic polyolefins (TPO), or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
    • Claim:
      3. The roof composite roofing structure of claim 1 , wherein the dried base mat further comprises a glass mat laminate or a coating on a surface of the dried base mat, wherein there is 9 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder in the dried base mat or there is 9 wt % to 15 wt % latex binder in the dried base mat.
    • Claim:
      4. The composite rooting structure of claim 1 wherein the dried base mat consists of: about 8 wt % to about 25 wt % mineral wool, about 40 wt % to about 65 wt % perlite, 9 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder and/or latex binder, about 9 wt % to about 15 wt % cellulosic fiber, and 0.25 wt % to 2 wt % sizing agent.
    • Claim:
      5. The composite roofing structure of claim 1 , wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has a density of about 10 pounds per cubic foot to about 17 pounds per cubic foot (160 to 272 kg per cubic meter) and a thickness of about ¼ inch to about 1 inch (0.635 to 2.54 cm), wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has 0.25 wt % to 1.0 wt % said sizing agent.
    • Claim:
      6. The composite roofing structure of claim 1 , wherein the sizing agents is selected from the group of waxes, polyurethane polyurethane distributed to not form a cellular structure, siloxanes, silicone fluids, alkyl ketene dimer, alkyl ketene multimer, alkyl substituted succinic melamines, alkyl substituted imidazolidones, styrene maleic anhydride, styrene acrylic acid, ethylene acrylic acid, 1,1-octadecoxyoctadecane, the distearyl acetal of stearyl aldehyde, cellulose stearate, calcium stearate, a copolymer of diallylamine and acrylamide, alkyl substituted synthetic imidazolidone, alkaline sizing agents, acid-based sizing agents C6 to C24 unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds, alum and rosin-based sizing agents, alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl ketene dimer, carboxyl methyl cellulose, and mixtures thereof.
    • Claim:
      7. The composite roofing structure of claim 6 , wherein there is an absence of polyurethane, polyisocyanurate, siloxanes and silicone fluid.
    • Claim:
      8. The composite roofing structure of claim 1 , wherein there is 9 wt % to 13 wt % cellulosic fiber in the dried base mat of the roof cover board.
    • Claim:
      9. A composite roofing structure comprising: a roof cover board that comprises a dried base mat comprising: about 30 wt % to about 70 wt % mineral wool, about 10 wt % to about 50 wt % perlite, 6.5 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder and/or latex binder, about 2 wt % to about 20 wt % cellulosic fiber, and 0.25 wt % to 2.0 wt % sizing agent, wherein the dried base mat has an absence of bituminous material; a layer of insulation; and a layer of waterproof roofing membrane; wherein the roof cover board is over the layer of insulation, the roofing membrane is over the roof cover board, the roof cover board is attached to the layer of insulation, and the roofing membrane is attached to the roof cover board.
    • Claim:
      10. The composite roofing structure of claim 9 , wherein the dried base mat has an absence of boron trioxide, glass fibers, gypsum, wax emulsions, siloxanes, silicone fluids, glass beads, polymer fibers, clay, vermiculite, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, and zinc pyrithione, wherein the waterproof roofing membrane has an absence of fiberglass, and wherein the waterproof roofing membrane is made of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber, thermoplastic polyolefins (TPO), or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
    • Claim:
      11. The composite roofing structure of claim 9 , wherein the dried base mat further comprises: a glass mat laminate or a coating on a surface of the dried base mat, wherein there is 6.5 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder in the dried base mat or there is 6.5 wt % to 15 wt % latex binder in the dried base mat.
    • Claim:
      12. The composite roofing structure of claim 9 , wherein the dried base mat further comprises: an asphalt coating on a surface of the dried base mat, wherein there is 6.5 wt % to 15 wt % starch binder in the dried base mat.
    • Claim:
      13. The composite roofing structure of claim 9 , wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has a density of about 10 pcf to about 17 pcf (160 to 272 kg per cubic meter) and a thickness of about ¼ inch to about 1 inch (0.635 to 2.54 cm) wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has 0.25 wt % to 1.0 wt % said sizing agent.
    • Claim:
      14. The composite roofing structure of claim 8 , wherein the sizing agents is selected from the group of waxes, polyurethane distributed to not form a cellular structure, siloxanes, silicone fluids, alkyl ketene dimer, alkyl ketene multimer, alkyl substituted succinic melamines, alkyl substituted imidazolidones, styrene maleic anhydride, styrene acrylic acid, ethylene acrylic acid, 1,1-octadecoxyoctadecane, the distearyl acetal of stearyl aldehyde, cellulose stearate, calcium stearate, a copolymer of diallylamine and acrylamide, alkyl substituted synthetic imidazolidone, alkaline sizing agents, acid-based sizing agents C6 to C24 unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds, alum and rosin-based. sizing agents, alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl ketene dimer, carboxyl methyl cellulose, and mixtures thereof.
    • Claim:
      15. A composite roofing structure comprising: a roof cover board that comprises a dried base mat comprising: about 60 wt % to about 90 wt % mineral wool, 0 wt % to about 10 wt % glass fiber, 0 wt % to about 10 wt % perlite, 5 wt % to 10 wt % starch binder and/or latex binder, 0 wt % to about 5 wt % gypsum, and 0.25 wt % to 2.0 wt % sizing agent, wherein the dried base mat has an absence of bituminous material; a layer of insulation; and a layer of waterproof roofing membrane; wherein the roof cover board is over the layer of insulation, the roofing membrane is over the roof cover board, the roof cover board is attached to the layer of insulation, and the roofing membrane is attached to the roof cover board.
    • Claim:
      16. The composite roofing structure of claim 15 , wherein the roof cover board has an absence of boron trioxide, cellulosic fibers, wax emulsions, siloxanes, silicone fluids, glass beads, polymer fibers, clay, vermiculite, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, and zinc pyrithione, wherein the waterproof roofing membrane has an absence of fiberglass, and wherein the waterproof roofing membrane is made of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber, thermoplastic polyolefins (TPO), or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
    • Claim:
      17. The composite roofing structure of claim 15 , wherein the roof cover board has an absence of at least one of: cellulosic fibers, boron trioxide, glass fiber, perlite, or gypsum, wherein there is 5 wt % to 8 wt % starch binder in the dried base mat or there is 5 wt % to 8 wt % latex binder in the dried base mat.
    • Claim:
      18. The composite roofing structure of claim 15 , wherein the dried base mat further comprises: a Mass mat laminate or a coating on a surface of the dried base mat, wherein there is 5 wt % to 8 wt % starch binder in the dried base mat.
    • Claim:
      19. The composite rooting structure of claim 15 , wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has a density of about 10 pcf to about 17 pcf and a thickness of about ¼ inch to about 1 inch (0.635 to 2.54 cm), wherein the roof cover board has an absence of at least one of cellulosic fibers, wherein the dried base mat of the roof cover board has 0.25 wt % to 1.0 wt % said sizing agent.
    • Claim:
      20. The composite roofing structure of claim 15 , wherein the sizing agents is selected from the group of waxes, polyurethane distributed to not form a cellular structure, alkyl ketene dimer, alkyl ketene multimer, alkyl substituted succinic melamines, alkyl substituted imidazolidones, styrene maleic anhydride, styrene acrylic acid, ethylene acrylic acid, 1,1-octadecoxyoctadecane, the distearyl acetal of stearyl aldehyde, cellulose stearate, calcium stearate, a copolymer of diallylamine and acrylamide, alkyl substituted synthetic imidazolidone, alkaline sizing agents, acid-based sizing agents C6 to C24 unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds, alum and rosin-based sizing agents, alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl ketene dimer, carboxyl methyl cellulose, and mixtures thereof.
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    • Other References:
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    • Primary Examiner:
      Salvatore, Lynda
    • Attorney, Agent or Firm:
      Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP
      Sahu, Pradip
      Petti, Philip T.
    • Accession Number:
      edspgr.11111174