Association between Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Lactose Intolerance: Fact or Fiction

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    • Publication Information:
      Jin Publishing & Printing Co., 2020.
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    • Abstract:
      Background/Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex condition precipitated by genetic susceptibility and possibly a disturbed microbiome. The role of dairy foods in IBD is controversial. This study examined the association between lactose intolerance (LI) and IBD. Methods: Data on hospital admissions of all IBD adult patients were extracted from the National Inpatient Sample database between 2004 and 2014. The comorbidities and outcomes of interest were defined by querying all the diagnostic and procedural fields for the corresponding International Classification of Diseases 9th version (ICD-9) codes. Patients with IBD were defined as the “study group,” and the patients who did not have IBD were defined as the “control group”. LI was identified in both groups using the ICD-9 codes. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to examine the association between IBD and LI. Results: The total population was 71,342,237 patients, of which 598,129 (0.83%) had IBD. The IBD patients were younger (52 years vs. 57 years) and with fewer females (57.5% vs. 60.1%) (p
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      electronic resource
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