Oralne manifestacije kao glavni znak uznapredovale akutne promijelocitne leukemije. (Bosnian)

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    • Alternate Title:
      Oral Manifestation as the Main Sign of an Advanced Stage Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia. (English)
    • Abstract:
      Acute myeloid leukemia is an aggressive malignant neoplasm occurring mainly in elderly, with the median age of 65 years. Oral manifestations, mainly spontaneous bleeding, are a common finding in acute myelocytic leukemia and may represent the initial evidence of the disease. This report describes a case of a 47-year-old man with a one-month history of spontaneous oral bleeding. The patient had already been consulted by two professionals but he remained undiagnosed. The physical examination revealed paleness, fever, epistaxis and ecchymoses in the oral mucosa. The complete blood count revealed anemia, severe thrombocytopenia and leukocytosis with blasts predominance, reinforcing the diagnosis hypothesis of an acute leukemia. The patient was immediately referred to the Hospital and despite having received a quick intervention, he died 3 days after the admission due to diffuse pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage. According to the peripheral blood immunophenotyping the diagnosis of hypogranular variant of acute promyelocytic leukemia was established. The delay in the diagnosis may have influenced the unfavorable outcome. Early diagnosis and management are indispensable for survival of leukemia patients. In this way, dentists may be responsible for an early detection of oral manifestations of leukemia and for a fast referral to an adequate professional. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Akutna mijeloična leukemija agresivna je maligna neoplazma koja se uglavnom pojavljuje kod starijih osoba u dobi od 65 godina. Oralne manifestacije i najčešće spontano krvarenje uobičajeni su nalazi u slučaju te bolest i mogu upućivati na početnu fazu. U ovom izvještaju opisan je slučaj 47-godišnjeg muškarca s jednomjesečnim spontanim oralnim krvarenjem. Pacijent je već prije zatražio mišljenje dvaju profesionalaca, ali bez ikakva rezultata. Fizikalni pregled pokazao je bljedoću, vrućicu, krvarenje iz nosa (epistaxis) i ekhimoze u oralnoj sluznici. Kompletna krvna slika upućivala je na anemiju, tešku trombocitopeniju i leukocitozu sa skretanjem KS-a ulijevo, pojačavajući tako dijagnozu hipoteze akutne leukemije. Pacijent je odmah prevezen u bolnicu i unatoč tomu što mu je pružena hitna pomoć, umro je tri dana poslije zbog difuznoga plućnog alveolarnog krvarenja. Na uzorku periferne krvi bila je obavljena imunofenotipizacija i dobivena je dijagnoza hipogranularne inačice akutne promijeloične leukemije. Kašnjenje u postavljanju dijagnoze moglo je utjecati na nepovoljan ishod. Rana dijagnoza i liječenje prijeko su potrebni za preživljavanje pacijenata s leukemijom pa su i doktori dentalne medicine odgovorni za rano otkrivanje oralnih manifestacija leukemije i za brzo upućivanje pacijenta odgovarajućem stručnjaku. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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