Entre azagaias, carroças e espingardas: a escrita do passado sul-africano em George McCall Theal (1837-1919). (Portuguese)

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    • Alternate Title:
      Between assegais, ox-wagons, and rifles: the writing of South African past in George McCall Theal. (English)
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    • Abstract:
      Despite the territorial fragmentation that marked South Africa in the second half of the nineteenth century, this period was marked by a significant increase in publications intended to provide a particular sense of cohesion and unity, especially in historical-geographical treaties. This article deals with the writing of the South African past by the historian George McCall Theal, with emphasis on his interpretations of the ethnic displacements and the conflicts generated from the Great Trek (1835-1846) - a period of internal Boer migrations towards the interior of the subcontinent - and from the Mfecane (c.1815-1835) - term associated with the Zulus' military expansionism in the same region. The emphasis lies on The History of the Emigrant Boers in South Africa (1888) and on the Progress of South Africa in the Century (1901). They were published in a period of deep interethnic animosities in southern Africa, and aimed to provide a cohesion version of the South African past, blaming the Zulus for the population reduction from 1820-1830, thus legitimizing the colonial aspirations for land use and occupation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Apesar da fragmentação territorial que marcava a África do Sul na segunda metade do século XIX, esse período foi demarcado por significativas publicações que intencionavam fornecer coesão e unidade especialmente em tratados histórico-geográficos. O artigo versa a respeito da escrita do passado sulafricano do historiador George McCall Theal, com ênfase nas suas interpretações dos deslocamentos étnicos gerados a partir do Great Trek (1835-1846), período de migrações internas dos bôeres rumo ao interior do subcontinente, e do mfecane (c.1815-1835), termo associado ao expansionismo militar dos zulus na mesma região. A ênfase incide sobre as obras The History of the Emigrant Boers in South Africa (1888) e Progress of South Africa in the Century (1901). Publicadas em um período de intensas animosidades interétnicas ao sul da África, visavam fornecer uma versão coesiva do passado sul-africano, culpando os zulus pelo esvaziamento populacional nas décadas de 1820-1830 e legitimando as aspirações coloniais ao uso e posse de terras. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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