Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit?

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Assistant professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
      Associate professor, School of Dental Hygiene, Dr. Gerald Niznick College of Dentistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
      Student (when the study was conducted), Department of Physical Therapy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
      Associate professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Static positioning and awkward postures put dental hygienists at risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. These disorders often appear during professional training programs. Ergonomics education has been shown to reduce the incidence of injuries, but fitness training to improve postural awareness and endurance is not typically included in dental hygiene curricula. This study assessed the effects of a 12-week functional fitness training program on ergonomic and postural knowledge, outcome expectations and self-efficacy related to exercise, and core stability in final-year dental hygiene students. Methods: Participants (n = 24) completed surveys and core stability tests and demonstrated postural movements before and after completing a mandatory weekly training program focusing on dynamic core stabilization, aerobic exercise, and postural awareness. Results: Participants improved static plank hold time and left leg forward lunge scores, with no significant changes in right lunge or stability push-up tests. Accuracy in demonstrating postural movements in response to verbal cues improved for 2 of 6 movements. Knowledge about injury risk factors and body mechanics was relatively high at pre-test and did not change post-test. Outcome expectations and self-efficacy were not significantly different from pre- to post-test. Conclusions: Functional fitness training resulted in increased core endurance and improved execution of some movement patterns associated with good body mechanics. Our study provides evidence for the inclusion of this type of conditioning program in the dental hygiene curriculum. Further research, including more sensitive tests of physical function as well as the transfer of knowledge and safe postures into clinically relevant situations, is warranted.
      Contexte : Le positionnement statique et les mauvaises postures mettent les hygiénistes dentaires à risque de troubles musculosquelettiques liés au travail. Ces troubles surviennent souvent au cours des programmes de formation professionnelle. Il a été démontré que la formation en matière d'ergonomie réduit l'incidence des blessures, alors que le conditionnement physique effectué pour améliorer la prise de conscience posturale et l'endurance ne fait généralement pas partie du programme d'étude en hygiène dentaire. La présente recherche a évalué les effets d'un programme de conditionnement physique fonctionnel de 12 semaines sur les connaissances en matière de l'ergonomie et de la posture, des attentes de résultats, de la connaissance de ses propres capacités liées à l'exercice, ainsi que de la stabilité du tronc chez les étudiants de dernière année en hygiène dentaire. Méthodologie : Les participants (n = 24) ont rempli des sondages, effectué des tests de stabilité du tronc et démontré des mouvements posturaux avant et après avoir terminé une formation hebdomadaire obligatoire axée sur la stabilisation dynamique du tronc, les exercices aérobiques et la prise de conscience posturale. Résultats : Les participants ont amélioré leurs résultats de temps de planche statique et de l'exercice de fente avant de la jambe gauche et n'ont pas montré de changements significatifs dans leurs tests d'exercice de fente avant de la jambe droite ou de répulsions, des exercices de stabilisation du tronc. La précision des mouvements posturaux en réponse aux stimulations verbales s'est améliorée dans 2 des 6 mouvements. Les connaissances sur les facteurs de risque en matière des blessures et sur la mécanique du corps étaient relativement élevées au moment du test préliminaire et n'ont pas changé après le test. Les attentes de résultats et la connaissance de ses propres capacités n'étaient pas significativement différentes entre le test préliminaire et le post-test. Conclusions : Le conditionnement physique fonctionnel s'est traduit en une meilleure endurance du tronc et une performance améliorée de certaines séquences de mouvements associés à la bonne fonction mécanique du corps. Notre étude apporte des preuves qui appuient l'ajout de ce type de programme de conditionnement au programme d'hygiène dentaire. Il est justifié de faire des recherches plus poussées, y compris des évaluations plus sensibles de la fonction physique, ainsi que du transfert des connaissances et des postures sécuritaires aux situations cliniques pertinentes.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Blind Peer Reviewed; Canada; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed
    • Instrumentation:
      International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)
    • ISSN:
      1712-171X
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101234082
    • Grant Information:
      Funding for the study was provided by the University of Manitoba.
    • Publication Date:
      20191114
    • Publication Date:
      20191114
    • Accession Number:
      139530859
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PARSONS, J. L. et al. Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit? Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, [s. l.], v. 53, n. 3, p. 149–156, 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 19 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Parsons JL, MacDonald L, Cayer M, et al. Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit? Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene. 2019;53(3):149-156. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580. Accessed February 19, 2020.
    • APA:
      Parsons, J. L., MacDonald, L., Cayer, M., Hoeppner, M., Titterton, A., Willsie, J., & Webber, S. C. (2019). Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit? Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 53(3), 149–156.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Parsons, Joanne L., Laura MacDonald, Marielle Cayer, Mikaela Hoeppner, Ashley Titterton, Justin Willsie, and Sandra C. Webber. 2019. “Functional Fitness for Dental Hygiene Students: Does It Make Them Fit to Sit?” Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene 53 (3): 149–56. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580.
    • Harvard:
      Parsons, J. L. et al. (2019) ‘Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit?’, Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 53(3), pp. 149–156. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580 (Accessed: 19 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Parsons, JL, MacDonald, L, Cayer, M, Hoeppner, M, Titterton, A, Willsie, J & Webber, SC 2019, ‘Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit?’, Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 149–156, viewed 19 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Parsons, Joanne L., et al. “Functional Fitness for Dental Hygiene Students: Does It Make Them Fit to Sit?” Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 53, no. 3, Oct. 2019, pp. 149–156. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Parsons, Joanne L., Laura MacDonald, Marielle Cayer, Mikaela Hoeppner, Ashley Titterton, Justin Willsie, and Sandra C. Webber. “Functional Fitness for Dental Hygiene Students: Does It Make Them Fit to Sit?” Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene 53, no. 3 (October 2019): 149–56. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Parsons JL, MacDonald L, Cayer M, Hoeppner M, Titterton A, Willsie J, et al. Functional fitness for dental hygiene students: Does it make them fit to sit? Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene [Internet]. 2019 Oct [cited 2020 Feb 19];53(3):149–56. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=139530859&custid=s6224580