The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Lecturer, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
      Graduate, MSc in Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
      Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Mashhad University of medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
      Professor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
      Medical Practitioner, Southwest Centre for Forensic Mental Health Care, St Joseph's Health Care London, London, UK
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background & aim: Birth of the first child is one of the major life events for every woman. This event can make extensive changes in couple's life, which lead to the reduction of marital satisfaction or incidence of conflicts in wifehood and parenthood. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between transition to parenthood and marital satisfaction among housewives and employed women. Methods: This correlational study was carried out on 120 women referring to the healthcare centers of Mashhad, Iran. The study population was selected using the three-stage cluster sampling technique. The participants were assigned into two groups of housewife and employed women based on their occupational status. The data were collected using the Transition to Parenthood Scale and ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory. Data analysis was performed in SPSS (version 16) using ttest, Mann-Whitney U test, as well as Spearman and Pearson correlation tests. Results: The results showed a significant correlation between transition difficulty to parenthood and marital satisfaction among housewives and employed women (P<0.005). There was a significant difference between the housewives and employed groups regarding the transition difficulty to parenthood (P<0.05). The employed women faced more difficulty in transition to parenthood. However, no significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of marital satisfaction (P=0.26). Conclusion: As the findings indicated, the employed women had more difficulty in transition to parenthood, compared to the housewives. Thus, it is recommended to devote more facilities and social support including spouse support to provide employed women with essential education assisting their transition to parenthood.
    • Journal Subset:
      Nursing
    • Instrumentation:
      ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory
      Transition to Parenthood Difficulty Scale (TDS)
    • ISSN:
      2345-4792
    • Grant Information:
      This research was financially supported by Research Deputy.
    • Publication Date:
      20190715
    • Publication Date:
      20190715
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295
    • Accession Number:
      137393678
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      NOURANI, S. et al. The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women. Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, [s. l.], v. 7, n. 3, p. 1797–1805, 2019. DOI 10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=137393678&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 6 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Nourani S, Seraj F, Shakeri MT, Mokhber N. The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women. Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health. 2019;7(3):1797-1805. doi:10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295.
    • APA:
      Nourani, S., Seraj, F., Shakeri, M. T., & Mokhber, N. (2019). The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women. Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, 7(3), 1797–1805. https://doi.org/10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Nourani, Shahla, Fatemeh Seraj, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, and Naghmeh Mokhber. 2019. “The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women.” Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health 7 (3): 1797–1805. doi:10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295.
    • Harvard:
      Nourani, S. et al. (2019) ‘The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women’, Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, 7(3), pp. 1797–1805. doi: 10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Nourani, S, Seraj, F, Shakeri, MT & Mokhber, N 2019, ‘The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women’, Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1797–1805, viewed 6 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Nourani, Shahla, et al. “The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women.” Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 3, July 2019, pp. 1797–1805. EBSCOhost, doi:10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Nourani, Shahla, Fatemeh Seraj, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, and Naghmeh Mokhber. “The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women.” Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health 7, no. 3 (July 2019): 1797–1805. doi:10.22038/jmrh.2018.27141.1295.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Nourani S, Seraj F, Shakeri MT, Mokhber N. The Relationship between Transition to Parenthood and Marital Satisfaction in Housewives and Employed Women. Journal of Midwifery & Reproductive Health [Internet]. 2019 Jul [cited 2019 Dec 6];7(3):1797–805. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=137393678&custid=s6224580