"Home Practice Is the Program": Parents' Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      REACH Institute, Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, 900 S McAllister Ave., 85287, Tempe, AZ, USA
      Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology (Ce-PIM), Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      An examination of the content and processes of evidence-based programs is critical for empirically evaluating theories about how programs work, the "action theory" of the program (West et al. in American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 571-605, 1993). The New Beginnings Program (NBP; Wolchik et al., 2007), a parenting-after-divorce preventive intervention, theorizes that program-induced improvements in parenting across three domains: positive relationship quality, effective discipline, and protecting children from interparental conflict, will reduce the negative outcomes that are common among children from divorced families. The process theory is that home practice of program skills related to these parenting domains is the primary mechanism leading to positive change in parenting. This theory was tested using multi-rater data from 477 parents in the intervention condition of an effectiveness trial of the NBP (Sandler et al. 2016a, 2016b). Four research questions were addressed: Does home practice of skills predict change in the associated parenting outcomes targeted by the program? Is the effect above and beyond the influence of attendance at program sessions? What indicators of home practice (i.e., attempts, fidelity, efficacy, and competence) are most predictive of improvements in parenting? Do these indicators predict parenting improvements in underserved subpopulations (i.e., fathers and Latinos)? Structural Equation Modeling analyses indicated that parent-reported efficacy and provider-rated parent competence of home practice predicted improvements in the targeted parenting domains according to both parent and child reports. Moreover, indicators of home practice predicted improvements in parenting for fathers and Latinos, although patterns of effects varied by parenting outcome.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • Instrumentation:
      Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) (Bradley and Caldwell)
      Work Environment Scale (WES) (Moos et al)
      Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index
    • ISSN:
      1389-4986
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: 27933424 NLM UID: 100894724
    • Grant Information:
      R01 DA026874/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States; R01 DA033991/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States; P30 DA027828/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20190815
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0
    • Accession Number:
      130103478
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BERKEL, C. et al. “Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial. Prevention Science, [s. l.], v. 19, n. 5, p. 663–673, 2018. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 22 nov. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Berkel C, Sandler IN, Wolchik SA, et al. “Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial. Prevention Science. 2018;19(5):663-673. doi:10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0.
    • APA:
      Berkel, C., Sandler, I. N., Wolchik, S. A., Brown, C. H., Gallo, C. G., Chiapa, A., … Jones, S. (2018). “Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial. Prevention Science, 19(5), 663–673. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Berkel, Cady, Irwin N. Sandler, Sharlene A. Wolchik, C. Hendricks Brown, Carlos G. Gallo, Amanda Chiapa, Anne M. Mauricio, and Sarah Jones. 2018. “‘Home Practice Is the Program’: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial.” Prevention Science 19 (5): 663–73. doi:10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0.
    • Harvard:
      Berkel, C. et al. (2018) ‘“Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial’, Prevention Science, 19(5), pp. 663–673. doi: 10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Berkel, C, Sandler, IN, Wolchik, SA, Brown, CH, Gallo, CG, Chiapa, A, Mauricio, AM & Jones, S 2018, ‘“Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial’, Prevention Science, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 663–673, viewed 22 November 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Berkel, Cady, et al. “‘Home Practice Is the Program’: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial.” Prevention Science, vol. 19, no. 5, July 2018, pp. 663–673. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Berkel, Cady, Irwin N. Sandler, Sharlene A. Wolchik, C. Hendricks Brown, Carlos G. Gallo, Amanda Chiapa, Anne M. Mauricio, and Sarah Jones. “‘Home Practice Is the Program’: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial.” Prevention Science 19, no. 5 (July 2018): 663–73. doi:10.1007/s11121-016-0738-0.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Berkel C, Sandler IN, Wolchik SA, Brown CH, Gallo CG, Chiapa A, et al. “Home Practice Is the Program”: Parents’ Practice of Program Skills as Predictors of Outcomes in the New Beginnings Program Effectiveness Trial. Prevention Science [Internet]. 2018 Jul [cited 2019 Nov 22];19(5):663–73. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=130103478&custid=s6224580