Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      813930 Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations
    • Abstract:
      The article focuses on the conflict between negotiated seniority clauses and national labor policy mandated by Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act has arisen in the past decade. Union leaders, who negotiate for seniority in order to protect their members from capricious industrial relations practices, understandably oppose special affirmative action programs which require seniority system modifications. Had equal employment opportunity been available to all applicants, however, white males would not be in their present advantaged positions, nor would seniority systems be under attack. In Griggs v. Duke Power Co. the U.S. Supreme Court defined discrimination under Title VII. A practice which is fair in form but discriminatory in operation is prohibited. Artificial, arbitrary, and unnecessary barriers to employment must be removed, if the consequence of those barriers is to discriminate; discriminatory intent is not required. One remedy offered by the courts was to grant identifiable discriminatees retroactive seniority.
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Assistant Professor of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of Illinois.
    • ISSN:
      0023-6586
    • Accession Number:
      5821426
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ELKISS, H. Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination. Labor Law Journal, [s. l.], v. 31, n. 1, p. 37–45, 1980. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 12 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Elkiss H. Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination. Labor Law Journal. 1980;31(1):37-45. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580. Accessed July 12, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Elkiss H. Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination. Labor Law Journal. 1980;31(1):37-45. Accessed July 12, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580
    • APA:
      Elkiss, H. (1980). Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination. Labor Law Journal, 31(1), 37–45.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Elkiss, Helen. 1980. “Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination.” Labor Law Journal 31 (1): 37–45. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580.
    • Harvard:
      Elkiss, H. (1980) ‘Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination’, Labor Law Journal, 31(1), pp. 37–45. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580 (Accessed: 12 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Elkiss, H 1980, ‘Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination’, Labor Law Journal, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 37–45, viewed 12 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Elkiss, Helen. “Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination.” Labor Law Journal, vol. 31, no. 1, Jan. 1980, pp. 37–45. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Elkiss, Helen. “Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination.” Labor Law Journal 31, no. 1 (January 1980): 37–45. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Elkiss H. Modifying Seniority Systems Which Perpetuate Past Discrimination. Labor Law Journal [Internet]. 1980 Jan [cited 2020 Jul 12];31(1):37–45. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=5821426&custid=s6224580