labor-management relations.

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      This article reports on developments related to labor management relations in the United States as of August 1976. A Missouri statute limited bargaining rights and banned police officers entirely from joining unions. A U.S. District Court in Missouri ruled that there was a rational basis for treating police officers differently than other public employees with respect to collective bargaining. However, the court held that the officers were denied freedom of association by the unduly broad ban on union membership entirely. The City of Charlotte, North Carolina, did not have to deduct firefighters union dues, the Supreme Court ruled. The Court reversed a ruling by the Fourth Circuit holding the city's refusal to check off dues to be arbitrary. The Fourth Circuit had deemed the refusal arbitrary because the city was making payroll deductions for group insurance and contributions to charity. A union could not extend picketing beyond a construction site gate reserved for employees and suppliers of the general contractor with whom the union had a labor dispute.