THE DOMESTIC POLITICS OF THE NEW SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY.

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      This article examines the changes in foreign policy adopted by Soviet Union since 1969. The conflict between necessary reforms and the power interests of the bureaucratic apparatus became especially clear in the 11-year period of de-Stalinization--1953 to 1964. After the change of course in the spring of 1965, the de-Stalinization reforms were steadily abolished and a harsher policy was introduced which permeated all decisive aspects of Soviet life. The apparent goal was to improve relations with the industrialized nations of the West. In addition, it became obvious to members of the Soviet hierarchy that the efficient use of the new technology would require the adoption, nor matter how limited, of some devices of modern management, the introduction of new forms of managerial organization, and greater autonomy for the Soviet technological elite. The Sino-Soviet conflict is another reason for this more moderate foreign policy toward the West. At the same time the Soviets see in this new foreign policy the chance to gradually increase the Soviet Union's influence in Europe. The decisive problem for the Soviet Union since 1969 is that the changes made have been unable to solve the country's economic problems. In fact, many leading Soviet dissidents voiced concern as early as 1970-71 that, as soon as the foreign agreements were settled, the Soviet leadership could begin a huge assault against the democratic movement, as the liberal dissidents call themselves.