Employment, Land Values and the Residential Choice of Low-Income Households: The Case of Bogota, Colombia.

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    • Abstract:
      Studies of residential location behavior in cities have related the location choice of households to job access, transportation networks and inter-urban migration. Few of these studies, however, have investigated how these influences vary among families of different income levels. Well-known models of urban location [Wingo 1961; Alonso 1964; Muth 1969; Mills 19721 generally take little or no systematic account of income differences among households. For cities in developing countries where many families cannot afford existing housing or regular journeys to work, it is especially important for municipal officials to know why low-income families live where they do. This paper draws on data for Bogota, Colombia, to examine whether low-income urban populations in developing countries exhibit predictable locational preferences. Attention is focused on the role of employment and housing availability in the location decisions of low-income households, and on how these decisions are affected by land- market activity in different areas of the city.