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      This article presents a study which aimed to estimate the male-female earnings differentials in Canada using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances for 1967. The male-female earnings differentials may reflect productivity differences, they may also provide evidence of discrimination that is quite unrelated to productivity differences, either real or perceived. Wage discrimination occurs when male-female wage differentials exceed productivity differentials in given occupations, while employment discrimination involves denial to females of access to higher paying occupations. A regression model is used to measure the gross male-female earnings differentials. This model is fitted separately for males and females in each of seven education classes no education, some elementary, elementary, some high school, high school, some university, and university. Larger negative effects on potential female earnings are observed from the marital status, occupation, and weeks-worked variables. Marital status is probably considered by employers as an indicator of stability and reliability in employment. Married women may be expected to have higher absence and turnover rates than single men, but conversely for men.