Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition

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  • Source:
    Ecosphere, 2019 May, v. 10, no. 5 10 5
  • Publisher:
    John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Online Access:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710
  • Publication Date:
    May 1, 2019
  • Additional Information
    • Author:
      Claflin, Suzi B.; Hernandez, Natalie; Groves, Russell; Thaler, Jennifer S.; Power, Alison G.
    • Author Affiliation:
      Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 14850, USA
    • Abstract:
      Agricultural intensification impacts local arthropod communities. The temporal and spatial variation of agricultural environments can have a significant impact on insect pest populations, yet little work has been done to date on the effect of intra‐annual variation (within season) or spatiotemporal effects on arthropod functional community composition. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of intra‐annual variation and landscape composition on the aphid community. To that end, we investigated the following research question: How do intra‐annual variation and landscape composition affect aphid abundance, species richness, and functional community composition? In this study, we quantified landscape composition as percent cropland, intra‐annual variation as sampling week measured throughout the growing season, and aphid functional community composition as crop virus transmission—or vectoring—ability. We collected data in two agricultural regions: a diversified agricultural region in New York State (NY) and an agriculturally intense potato‐growing region in Wisconsin (WI). We found that the interactive effect of landscape composition and intra‐annual variation significantly affected aphid abundance and species richness in both study regions, and functional community composition in NY. These results indicate that spatiotemporal shifts in agroecosystems have significant implications for aphid functional community composition.
    • Descriptors:
      Aphidoidea; agroecosystems; arthropod communities; arthropods; community structure; cropland; growing season; insect pests; intensive farming; landscapes; species richness; viruses; New York; Wisconsin
    • Subject Terms:
      article
    • Notes:
      JOURNAL ARTICLE.
    • ISSN:
      21508925
    • Subset:
      Indexing Branch - NAL
    • Publication Date:
      00000000
    • Accession Number:
      IND606457601
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CLAFLIN, S. B. et al. Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition. Ecosphere, [s. l.], v. 10, n. 5, 2019. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=agr&AN=IND606457601&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 27 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Claflin SB, Hernandez N, Groves R, Thaler JS, Power AG. Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition. Ecosphere. 2019;10(5). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710.
    • APA:
      Claflin, S. B., Hernandez, N., Groves, R., Thaler, J. S., & Power, A. G. (2019). Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition. Ecosphere, 10(5). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Claflin, Suzi B., Natalie Hernandez, Russell Groves, Jennifer S. Thaler, and Alison G. Power. 2019. “Intra‐annual Variation and Landscape Composition Interactively Affect Aphid Community Composition.” Ecosphere 10 (5). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710.
    • Harvard:
      Claflin, S. B. et al. (2019) ‘Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition’, Ecosphere, 10(5). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Claflin, SB, Hernandez, N, Groves, R, Thaler, JS & Power, AG 2019, ‘Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition’, Ecosphere, vol. 10, no. 5, viewed 27 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Claflin, Suzi B., et al. “Intra‐annual Variation and Landscape Composition Interactively Affect Aphid Community Composition.” Ecosphere, vol. 10, no. 5, May 2019. EBSCOhost, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Claflin, Suzi B., Natalie Hernandez, Russell Groves, Jennifer S. Thaler, and Alison G. Power. “Intra‐annual Variation and Landscape Composition Interactively Affect Aphid Community Composition.” Ecosphere 10, no. 5 (May 2019). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2710.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Claflin SB, Hernandez N, Groves R, Thaler JS, Power AG. Intra‐annual variation and landscape composition interactively affect aphid community composition. Ecosphere [Internet]. 2019 May [cited 2020 Feb 27];10(5). Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=agr&AN=IND606457601&custid=s6224580