The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Cognition
      Depression
      Frontal lobe
      Schizophrenia
    • Abstract:
      Objective: The Wisconsin Test Card Sorting Test (WCST) is a neuropsychological test that has been suggested as a more specific test for frontal lobes dysfunctions. This study was designed to determine whether WCST is able to differentiate between Iranian psychiatric patients with cognitive disorders and normal subjects, and whether WCST scores are related to severity of symptoms in depressive and schizophrenic patients. Method: Participants were four groups: schizophrenics with positive symptoms (n=25); schizophrenics with negative symptoms (n=25); major depressives (n=25); and normal subjects (n=25). All subjects were tested individually using WCST. To analyze the data, various descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-test and multiple regression analysis were used. Results: Regarding the number of categories (P<0.001) and the rate of perseverative errors (P<0.01), according to the results, the normal subjects performed significantly better than patient groups on WCST, although the differences between patient groups were not significant. Our results also showed that greater positive or depressive symptoms were not associated with poorer scores on WCST performance. Only the level of severity of negative symptoms predicted scores on perseverative errors. Conclusion: It is concluded that WCST can differentiate Iranian psychiatric patients with cognitive disorders from normal subjects, but it is not able to clearly differentiate schizophrenic patients with negative symptoms from those with positive symptoms and depressives. Only severity of negative symptoms affects WCST performance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Iranian Journal of Psychiatry is the property of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Shiraz University, Iran
      2Department of Clinical Psychology, Shiraz University, Iran
    • ISSN:
      1735-4587
    • Accession Number:
      78382053
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RAHIMI, C.; HASHEMI, R.; MOHAMADI, N. The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, [s. l.], v. 6, n. 3, p. 99–105, 2011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 9 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rahimi C, Hashemi R, Mohamadi N. The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry. 2011;6(3):99-105. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580. Accessed July 9, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Rahimi C, Hashemi R, Mohamadi N. The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry. 2011;6(3):99-105. Accessed July 9, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580
    • APA:
      Rahimi, C., Hashemi, R., & Mohamadi, N. (2011). The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(3), 99–105.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rahimi, Changiz, Razieh Hashemi, and Norolah Mohamadi. 2011. “The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects.” Iranian Journal of Psychiatry 6 (3): 99–105. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580.
    • Harvard:
      Rahimi, C., Hashemi, R. and Mohamadi, N. (2011) ‘The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects’, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(3), pp. 99–105. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580 (Accessed: 9 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rahimi, C, Hashemi, R & Mohamadi, N 2011, ‘The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects’, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 99–105, viewed 9 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rahimi, Changiz, et al. “The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects.” Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 6, no. 3, Summer 2011, pp. 99–105. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rahimi, Changiz, Razieh Hashemi, and Norolah Mohamadi. “The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects.” Iranian Journal of Psychiatry 6, no. 3 (Summer 2011): 99–105. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rahimi C, Hashemi R, Mohamadi N. The Utility of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Differential Diagnosis of Cognitive Disorders in Iranian Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Subjects. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry [Internet]. 2011 Summer [cited 2020 Jul 9];6(3):99–105. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=78382053&custid=s6224580