A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
  Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: Three previous articles provided rationale, methods, and several forms of validity support for a diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), termed the pause marker (PM). Goals of the present article were to assess the validity and stability of the PM Index (PMI) to scale CAS severity. Method: PM scores and speech, prosody, and voice precision-stability data were obtained for participants with CAS in idiopathic, neurogenetic, and complex neurodevelopmental disorders; adult-onset apraxia of speech consequent to stroke and primary progressive apraxia; and idiopathic speech delay. Three studies were completed including criterion and concurrent validity studies of the PMI and a temporal stability study of the PMI using retrospective case studies. Results: PM scores were significantly correlated with other signs of CAS precision and stability. The best fit of the distribution of PM scores to index CAS severity was obtained by dividing scores into 4 ordinal severity classifications: mild, mild-moderate, moderate-severe, and severe. Severity findings for the 4 classifications and retrospective longitudinal findings from 8 participants with CAS supported the validity and stability of the PMI. Conclusion: Findings support research and clinical use of the PMI to scale the severity of CAS. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research is the property of American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison
      2Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic-Rochester, NY
      3Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Augustana College, Rock Island, IL
    • ISSN:
      1092-4388
    • Accession Number:
      10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149
    • Accession Number:
      122536613
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SHRIBERG, L. D. et al. A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, [s. l.], v. 60, n. 4, p. S1153–S1169, 2017. DOI 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=122536613&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 21 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Shriberg LD, Strand EA, Fourakis M, et al. A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research. 2017;60(4):S1153-S1169. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149.
    • APA:
      Shriberg, L. D., Strand, E. A., Fourakis, M., Jakielski, K. J., Hall, S. D., Karlsson, H. B., … Wilson, D. L. (2017). A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 60(4), S1153–S1169. https://doi.org/10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Shriberg, Lawrence D., Edythe A. Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J. Jakielski, Sheryl D. Hall, Heather B. Karlsson, Heather L. Mabie, Jane L. McSweeny, Christie M. Tilkens, and David L. Wilson. 2017. “A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 60 (4): S1153–69. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149.
    • Harvard:
      Shriberg, L. D. et al. (2017) ‘A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 60(4), pp. S1153–S1169. doi: 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Shriberg, LD, Strand, EA, Fourakis, M, Jakielski, KJ, Hall, SD, Karlsson, HB, Mabie, HL, McSweeny, JL, Tilkens, CM & Wilson, DL 2017, ‘A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. S1153–S1169, viewed 21 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Shriberg, Lawrence D., et al. “A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 60, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. S1153–S1169. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Shriberg, Lawrence D., Edythe A. Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J. Jakielski, Sheryl D. Hall, Heather B. Karlsson, Heather L. Mabie, Jane L. McSweeny, Christie M. Tilkens, and David L. Wilson. “A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 60, no. 4 (April 2017): S1153–69. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0149.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Shriberg LD, Strand EA, Fourakis M, Jakielski KJ, Hall SD, Karlsson HB, et al. A Diagnostic Marker to Discriminate Childhood Apraxia of Speech From Speech Delay: IV. The Pause Marker Index. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research [Internet]. 2017 Apr [cited 2020 Jan 21];60(4):S1153–69. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=122536613&custid=s6224580