The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
  Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: We aimed to outline the latent variables approach for measuring nonverbal executive function (EF) skills in school-age children, and to examine the relationship between nonverbal EF skills and language performance in this age group. Method: Seventy-one typically developing children, ages 8 through 11, participated in the study. Three EF components, inhibition, updating, and task-shifting, were each indexed using 2 nonverbal tasks. A latent variables approach was used to extract latent scores that represented each EF construct. Children were also administered common standardized language measures. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between EF and language skills. Results: Nonverbal updating was associated with the Receptive Language Index on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Fourth Edition (CELF-4). When composites denoting lexical-semantic and syntactic abilities were derived, nonverbal inhibition (but not shifting or updating) was found to predict children's syntactic abilities. These relationships held when the effects of age, IQ, and socioeconomic status were controlled. Conclusions: The study makes a methodological contribution by explicating a method by which researchers can use the latent variables approach when measuring EF performance in school-age children. The study makes a theoretical and a clinical contribution by suggesting that language performance may be related to domain-general EFs. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research is the property of American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Wisconsin-Madison
    • ISSN:
      1092-4388
    • Accession Number:
      10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310
    • Accession Number:
      122536595
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KAUSHANSKAYA, M. et al. The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, [s. l.], v. 60, n. 4, p. 912–923, 2017. DOI 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=122536595&custid=s6224580. Acesso em: 29 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kaushanskaya M, Ji Sook Park, Gangopadhyay I, Davidson MM, Weismer SE. The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research. 2017;60(4):912-923. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310.
    • APA:
      Kaushanskaya, M., Ji Sook Park, Gangopadhyay, I., Davidson, M. M., & Weismer, S. E. (2017). The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 60(4), 912–923. https://doi.org/10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kaushanskaya, Margarita, Ji Sook Park, Ishanti Gangopadhyay, Meghan M. Davidson, and Susan Ellis Weismer. 2017. “The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 60 (4): 912–23. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310.
    • Harvard:
      Kaushanskaya, M. et al. (2017) ‘The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 60(4), pp. 912–923. doi: 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kaushanskaya, M, Ji Sook Park, Gangopadhyay, I, Davidson, MM & Weismer, SE 2017, ‘The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 912–923, viewed 29 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kaushanskaya, Margarita, et al. “The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 60, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 912–923. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kaushanskaya, Margarita, Ji Sook Park, Ishanti Gangopadhyay, Meghan M. Davidson, and Susan Ellis Weismer. “The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 60, no. 4 (April 2017): 912–23. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0310.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kaushanskaya M, Ji Sook Park, Gangopadhyay I, Davidson MM, Weismer SE. The Relationship Between Executive Functions and Language Abilities in Children: A Latent Variables Approach. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research [Internet]. 2017 Apr [cited 2020 Jan 29];60(4):912–23. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=122536595&custid=s6224580